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Taxes and Tax Stamps on Playing-Cards

In the following, you will find information on taxes and tax stamps used for playing-cards. The idea is to help in identifying and dating playing-cards.
Caution:
Tax stamps may lead you to wrong conclusions because
(1) Packs were usually stamped when they were marketed: the cards may have been printed years or even decades earlier than the stamp indicates.
(2) Stamps were often used until they were no longer usable/available: the cards may have been produced much later than the stamp indicates.
(3) Packs were stamped in the country of use, not in the country of production: the pack may have been printed in a different country than the stamp indicates.

The material is arranged by country. I am aware that this does not always reflect the present political situation, but I think that the stamps might possibly be found easiest in the order chosen.

For many countries, there are examples of the tax stamps used, together with dating information, if I know it. These may be stamps or imprints on the cards themselves or adhesive stamps used on the packaging. The examples are taken from my own collection, or from museum collections I have access to. A lot of stamps came from helpful people on the net that contributed. A few scans were grabbed from the Internet. Several of the scans might be better, but I hope that they at least give an impression.
Attention: The scale of the illustrations may differ, even on the same page.

On some pages I mention publications that are not primarily interesting in conjunction with playing-card taxes, but they show individual stamps that are not (yet) present on these pages. If you need exact bibliographic information for those publications, you can either consult the Bibliography page of the Playing-card FAQ, or you can send an e-mail to me.

In addition, there are annotated lists of reference material with respect to taxes and tax stamps on playing-cards. Please note that many of the publications cover a wider range of topics, the annotations refer to the tax and tax stamp angle.

The sources in the lists are mainly publications in my own possession and some others that from their title suggest that they deal with playing-card taxes and tax stamps. In addition, I got some input from people on the net that contributed sources.

At the end is a separate section that covers literature that contains information for several countries. Most of that will also be mentioned within the section for each individual country.

You will notice that I also put in countries of which I know or have reason to assume that they used tax stamps, but for which I have no examples or references (except perhaps those in the 'general' section).

Please keep in mind that for detailed investigations it might be sensible and necessary to consult some of the references given.

I will try to add information in the future. Anybody who is willing to contribute is welcome.

The people that have so far contributed by literature hints, copies, corrections, and stamps are:
Wolfgang Altfahrt, Pascual Francisco Antolí, Abdülhamid Arslaner, Steve Bacon, Dave Backovitch, Zvi Beghtz, Torsten Bille, Eugen Bruhin, Frieder Büchler, Paul Cardwell, John Dahl, Jean Darquenne, Thierry Depaulis, Christian de Ryck, Helmut Feindura, Régis Fermet, Virgilio Ferrari, Olivier Georg, Bill Gerlach †, Pedro Goulart Gontijo, Massimo Grossi, Anders Gustafsson, Walter Haas, Brendon T. Hansen, Rudolf Hasenpflug, Manfred Hausler, Rhonda Hawes, Hjalmar, Jeffrey Hope, Malcolm Hutson, Eric Jackson, Johan Jacobs, Antal Jánoska, Ulrich Knüpfer, Michael Krüger, Christoph Leifer, Tom Tadfor Little, Ken Lodge, Donn Lueck, Jens Meder, Wolfgang Morscheck (Bad Säckingen), Wolfgang Morscheck (Wülfrath), André Müller, José Manuel Murcia, Paul A. Nelson, George Olson, José Luiz G. Pagliari, Kristin Patterson, Bogdan Petrovic, Pascal Pette, Andrea Pollett, Jim Polyzotis, Chris Rayner, Klaus-Jürgen Schultz, Ralph Scotoni, Vladislav Sedivy, Thomas Siemering, John Sings, Domenico Starna, Franziska Sticht, Kay Stolzenburg, Sasha Sukhorukov, Claudio Talacci, Manlio Tosi, Daphne Tregear, Karl Weberpals, Christian Weidling, Jan Wessels, Simon Wintle, Michael Zolno.

Any errors or omissions are mine -- please notify me (peter@endebrock.de) of any corrections or suggestions on how the material may be better arranged.


The last column of the table gives the date of the latest change. Dates in red colour are changes after 01 April 2013.

You can click on many of the images to get a more detailed view, watch your cursor!

 Albania   stamps and dates  20 05 2006
 Algeria   stamps and dates  01 04 2011
 Angola   stamps and dates see Portugal  08 02 2009
 Argentina   stamps and dates
  sealing bands
  references
 02 04 2008
 30 03 2013
 02 04 2008
 Austria   stamps and dates
  sealing bands (Verschlussmarken)
  strange overprints
  table of values and dates for 1882 to 1939
  references
 27 08 2011
 27 08 2011
 12 10 2009
 02 12 2000
 16 07 2000
 Belgium   references  12 01 1999
 Bosnia   reason for including this country.  17 10 2013
 Brazil   stamps and dates
  table of dates and values
  references
 03 06 2007
 23 03 2000
 23 06 2002
 Bulgaria   stamps and dates  09 10 2005
 Canada   stamps and dates
  references
 12 11 2006
 05 05 2002
 Chile   stamps and dates  17 10 2013
 Colombia   stamps and dates
  law from 1946 on consumption taxes
 20 05 2006
 21 01 2002
 Cuba   stamps and dates
  references
 09 10 2006
 06 09 1999
 Cyprus   stamps and dates  12 10 2009
 Czechoslovakia   stamps and dates, see also Austria
  references
 30 03 2013
 17 06 2007
 Danzig, Freie Stadt   stamps and dates see Germany  13 02 2002
 Denmark   stamps and dates
  references
 23 02 2013
 03 04 2011
 Egypt   stamps and dates
  references
 02 01 2012
 31 01 1999
 Eritrea   stamps and dates see Italy  28 05 2005
 Estonia   stamps and dates  10 12 2011
 Finland   stamps and dates
  references
 18 12 2005
 03 11 2001
 France   stamps and dates
  tax bands
  references
 10 06 2011
 10 06 2011
 12 10 2009
 Germany   stamps and dates from individual states
  stamps and dates from after unified tax legislation
  stamps and dates (German Empire, 1879 to 1918)
  extra stamps from WWI
  non-tax stamps
  list of some tax office numbers
  references
 07 07 2013
 11 12 2011
 08 12 2010
 20 08 2013
 11 03 2013
 30 12 1998
 17 12 2011
 Great Britain   stamps and dates
  tax wrappers
  references
 23 02 2013
 21 06 2010
 21 07 2007
 Greece   stamps and dates  05 05 2013
 Hungary   stamps and dates, see also Austria
  table of values and dates for 1906 to 1946
  references
 03 03 2013
 07 10 2000
 15 10 2000
 Indochina   stamps and dates  01 04 2011
 Iran   stamps and dates  22 07 2007
 Iraq   reason for including this country.  10 02 2011
 Israel (and Palestine)   stamps and dates  07 09 2004
 Italy   stamps and dates from individual states
  stamps and dates from after unification
  table of stamps, dates, and values
  references
 23 02 2013
 17 10 2013
 28 12 1998
 27 02 2005
 Japan   stamps and dates
  references
 23 02 2013
 05 05 2002
 Jordan   stamps and dates  19 10 2002
 Latvia   stamps and dates  04 01 2012
 Lebanon   stamps and dates  01 05 2006
 Lithuania   stamps and dates  23 02 2013
 Luxemburg   stamps and dates
  references
 09 09 2002
 12 01 1999
 Mexico   reason for including this country.  28 12 1998
 Netherlands   stamps and dates
  references
 22 04 2006
 12 01 1999
 New Zealand   stamps and dates  16 06 2013
 Norway   stamps and dates
  references
 18 10 2013
 18 10 2013
 Panama   stamps and dates  30 05 2013
 Papal States   stamps and dates  23 02 2013
 Paraguay   stamps and dates  10 09 2001
 Peru   stamps and dates  27 08 2010
 Philippines   stamps and dates
  references
 12 06 2005
 12 06 2005
 Poland   stamps and dates
  references see general section
 08 02 2009
 Portugal   stamps and dates
  references
 12 06 2013
 06 11 2010
 Puerto Rico   reason for including this country.  10 02 2011
 Romania   stamps and dates  30 03 2013
 Russia   stamps and dates
  references
 27 02 2005
 22 03 2003
 San Marino   stamps and dates
  references
  table of dates and values
 30 05 2013
 12 10 2009
 01 10 2009
 Serbia   stamps and dates, see also Yugoslavia  23 10 2011
 Slovakia   stamps and dates  17 05 2008
 South Korea   stamps and dates  05 05 2002
 Spain   stamps and dates
  references
 03 12 2009
 22 10 2001
 Sweden   stamps and dates
  references
 03 03 2013
 30 10 2001
 Switzerland   stamps and dates
  references
 30 05 2013
 16 01 2012
 Syria   stamps and dates  01 05 2006
 Thailand   stamps and dates  10 07 2004
 Tunisia   stamps and dates  09 02 2009
 Turkey   stamps and dates
  references
 09 02 2009
 31 01 1999
 Uruguay   stamps and dates
  references
  law from 1949
 18 02 2006
 30 12 2010
 21 01 2002
 U.S.A.   stamps and dates
  stamps and dates (individual states)
  references
 27 07 2011
 29 09 2011
 17 01 2004
 Virgin Islands (U.S.)   stamps and dates  31 10 2001
 Yugoslavia   stamps and dates, see also Serbia
  references see general section
 23 10 2011
 
 General   references  12 01 1999
 Help wanted!
 Unidentified   stamps  11 12 2011

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© Peter Endebrock, 18 Oct. 2013